With an aim to optimize taste and selection, horticulturalist Dr. David Cain crossed the seedless Vitis vinifera, commonly known as the European wine grape or common grape, and the flavorful Concord Grape, to create the newfound Cotton Candy Grape hybrid. Without genetic engineering or artificial flavoring, Cain and his team at International Fruit Genetics discovered this cotton-candy flavor after creating over 100,000 test tube plants. As these grapes are seedless, they cannot reproduce on their own and breeding is thus difficult. To breed, baby embryos from each plant must be removed and grown in individual test tubes before being transferred to soil. Weighing in at about 18 grams of sugar per 100 grams of grapes, this designer fruit has about 12% more sugar than regular table grapes but far less than raisins (which also have more than three times the carbs).
Over the past thirty years. Dr.Cain’s name has become synonymous with creativity and innovation in plant breeding. More grape varieties that Cain has created include strawberry, pineapple, and mango; however, their commercial viability is still being tested. Additionally, Dr. Cain has performed ground-breaking breeding techniques for stone fruits, strawberries, blueberries, and peaches. Sweet!